Series creator George Lucas initially wrote the series’ main villain as separate from Luke Starkiller’s father Annikin [sic]. Various combinations of names for the character were built upon the phrase “Dark Water”. Then Lucas “added lots of last names, Vaders and Wilsons and Smiths, and [he] just came up with the combination of Darth and Vader. ” After the release of The Empire Strikes Back (1980), Lucas said the name Vader was based upon the German/Dutch-language homophone vater or vader, meaning ‘father’, making the name representative of a “Dark Father”. However, there is no evidence that Lucas conceived of Vader as Luke’s father before 1978. Other words which may have inspired the name are “death” and “invader”, as well as the name of a high school upperclassman of Lucas’s, Gary Vader.